What is transnational education?
Transnational education (also known as “cross-border education”) is a relatively new development in higher education. Transnational education refers to all types and modes of delivery of higher education study programmes, or sets of courses of study, or educational services (including those of distance education) in which the learners are located in a country different from the one where the awarding institution is based.
In many cases it's difficult to determine what the "home country" of the awarding institution is, and which authority is responsible for recognition and/or accreditation of an institution and/or the programme.
Types of transnational arrangements
Transnational education programmes should be established through transnational arrangements. There are two types of such arrangements:
- collaborative arrangements, where study programmes of the awarding institution are delivered or provided by another partner institution (e.g. an institution from country x allows an institution from country y to deliver its programme and the qualification is awarded by an institution from country x); or
- non-collaborative arrangements, where study programmes are delivered or provided directly by an awarding institution (e.g. a university from country x has a branch in country y; it provides the programme and awards the qualification).